The good news is that there are lots of different ways that you can prevent pregnancy these days. However, that does mean that deciding what contraception to use has become a bit confusing.
- Remember that to get pregnant a sperm (from the man) must fertilise an egg (in a woman).
- If you’re having sex with someone of the opposite sex, and aren’t looking to get pregnant, it’s important that you use contraception.
- Contraception is both partners’ concern, so it’s a good idea to talk about your options together.
- When deciding what contraception to use, you might want to think about: whether you want to protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) as well as pregnancy; how long-lasting you want it to be; and whether you think you will be able to remember to take your contraception.
- Condoms are very effective. They provide a physical barrier between the guy’s semen (cum) and the woman’s vagina. They are the only method of contraception that prevents both pregnancy and STIs including HIV.
- The contraceptive pill is a very effective form of contraception, taken by women. The pills contain hormones which prevent pregnancy by stopping ovulation (the release of an egg). Contraceptive pills don’t offer protection from STIs.
- An implant is a very small tube (about four millimetres long) that is inserted just under the skin on a woman’s arm. It releases hormones that stop ovulation and prevent pregnancy. It can last up to four years, but doesn’t protect against STIs.
- Injections are like the pill and the implant – they stop ovulation through the use of hormones, preventing pregnancy. They don’t protect against STIs.
- Not all of these options are available everywhere, so talk to a local health professional you trust about the options where you are.